Valgus deformity of the knee causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

The abnormalities of the knee is a rare congenital malformation and is usually that quite belong to the category of other disorders in conjunction Nov-skeletal system: underdevelopment or deformation of Shin bones, thigh Nov underdevelopment or its abbreviation, etc the reason for the formation of these anomalies will usually fail. Suppose the malformation of the knee joint most often the result of genetic disorders or exposure because we are creating negative external factors normal processes of fattening. Exposure according to the results of diagnosis, examination, and radiographic studies. In most cases, the first day of treatment survived. In some cases, the abnormalities resolve by conservative. Sometimes surgical correction is necessary.

Knee abnormalities

Developmental defects of the knee is a relatively rare group of congenital anomalies of the lower extremity. Usually, Orthopedics and Traumatology limb abnormalities observed in bone with the knee joint and underdevelopment Nov other sections, however, may occur, and isolated defects. Similar pathological changes detected frequently in both lower extremities. Maybe underdevelopment of bone structures, congenital dislocations and subluxations, contractures, or conversely, extreme mobility,.

An anomaly in the knee reasons

The real reason, defects, the knee joints and other parts, Nov skeletal system, genetic disorders and negative external effects, the mother's body during pregnancy. Affects such as:

  • Ionising radiation.
  • Taking certain medicines.
  • In contact with toxic chemicals.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Diseases of the endocrine system.
  • Immune disorders.

Depends on the type of a character flaw, a genetic mutation or external influences from time to time the body from harmful mom. Anne, if exposed in the first three months of pregnancy more precisely, an observed lack of any structures of the knee joint (bad habits bookmarks) to them at a later date if underdevelopment.

Absence of patella

Extremely rare pathology alone. Condyles tibial tuberosity for the quadriceps hip and underdevelopment usually goes. These abnormalities are usually observed dislocation, leg, hip dislocation, clubfoot, defect or underdevelopment the shin bones and the hips. Almost no visible flaw in the legs feature a virtual pathology a broken taped the front surface of the joints. Possible, weakness, leg, and early fatigue with prolonged walking. An isolated anomaly, patients do not need treatment. Along with other early developmental disorders held in the conservative and/or surgical treatment.

valgus-knee

Lobulated patella

Observed 1,5-2% of individuals made of radiography of the knee joint. Usually, there is an orthopedic specialist or a rheumatologist a godsend random examination-related injuries or other diseases of the joints. 90% of the cases of men suffer. Such an anomaly consisting of the patella, parts, contours and dimensions and remains normal. More common is double-lobed, az – trilobite patella. Does not usually require any treatment, but susceptibility to injury and subsequent development of gonarthrosis patients you need to be careful of this pathology, sports and intense physical activity.

Congenital patellar dislocation

In some cases, it's hereditary. Other limb anomalies frequently observed with the combination. Male pain twice as frequently as girls. Patients with complaints of fatigue and imbalance in walking. Detected on exam patellar displacement (typically outward) expressed the tension and quadriceps Nov. Limited range of joint motion. Tibia outward deviation that progresses with age (x-shaped) of cranes occurs in osteoarthritis.

Radiography of the knee joint on the patella offset detection and underdevelopment (size of decreasing an incorrect form), and underdevelopment of the external condyle flattening, leg and hip. The underdevelopment of the femur vastus muscles and the knee joint MRI is determined, hips, in some cases, this Nov no. Treatment surgery: a midline patella and hip your package moves the front surface of the record.

Leg congenital dislocation

A very rare anomaly. Usually taped both sides at the same time. Men three times more frequently than girls to suffer. The observed deformation and Nov dissolve, depends on the type of lesion to offset air shin. Ten prominent condyles hip will last a rear, rear – front. Severe flexion contracture and mobility defined at the extreme edge of the shin. The anterior of the lower leg flexor and extensors now usually abbreviated from open. With the guidance of the joint to be bent or vice versa advanced. The lack or underdevelopment of the bond usually goes cross the defect, therefore, a positive symptom of "drawer". Maybe other violation underdevelopment and pacified Nov. Congenital anomalies sometimes observed with dislocation, leg, ankle, and tibia, the absence.

There is dislocation in three stages:

  • 1. the phase – shifting area of the tibial joint during movement, forward, the upper edge including " the space between the patella and the femur bone.
  • 2. phase – stretch the calf stands in front of the rear edge of the tibia, the femoral articular surface to the joint surface.
  • 3. phase – load not only the motion of the tibial bone, but onward and upward.

Radiography of the tibia on the tibial rotation and underdevelopment of the bones and dislocations determined deflection inward or outward (depending on the degree of underdevelopment of the tibia, the joint surfaces of the side areas). In some cases, a more accurate assessment for advanced MRI of the knee joint is assigned and SA to an extent of underdevelopment of the bone and soft structures of the femur, the tibia and the knee joint.

Pediatric Orthopedics in the treatment section begins from the first days of life. Decrease the length of the exercise, followed by a special traction dislocation in infants. If excessive stress reduction in a touch impossible due to offset of flexor quadriceps and the lower leg, on top of band-AIDS and relaxants prescription Nov. Spending over 2 years of age and Reconstructive Surgery.

Valgus deformation of the knee

Valgus curvature of infants has inherited the structure and observed quite often (compared with others, defects, the knee joints). Symptom visible x-shaped curvature of the lower extremity. Defines the degree of curvature by measuring the distance between the internal ankles standing (infants – wiping feet together, straightened out). Crushing process is usually identified on radiography, ossification, and this skewness outer hip oil lamp. Chest examination appointed by the curvature of the hip joint because the neck of the femur valgus deformity valgus leg always goes innate. In adults, knee osteoarthritis and are usually identified koksartroz.

Significant pathology is assigned the focus when wearing orthopedic shoes, custom complex, exercise therapy and massage. Severe abnormalities in the treatment is only surgical. Produced bone osteotomy, "responsible" curvature (usually femoral). Showing operations at any age, including in elderly patients physiological extremity blocks back because the provisions and the further development of osteoarthritis.

Varus deformation of the knee

deformation-knee

Deformation of Varus (o-shaped legs), although this is a fairly common anomaly among the less frequently seen is the curvature of valgus. As in the previous case, the observed hereditary predisposition. Account should be taken, in the form of About this age, even small deformation can cause contractures and severe aspiration with subsequent progressive formation of osteoarthritis deforming, therefore it should be treated, even if a very specific pathology.

For those who want to leave the city during a correction along the distance between your knee joints taped reduced leg and feet. On radiography hip oil lamp is determined by internal underdevelopment. Conservative treatment is usually in early childhood: LFC, wearing orthopedic shoes, it comes with amenities such as massage. If deformation is not conservative resolve by 5-6 years of age, a surgical operation that is performed – tibial osteotomy, fibular osteotomy, oblique, sometimes together.

Congenital knee flexion contracture

Quite a rare pathology. A knee popliteal contracture observed in the folds of the skin and type in the region. Maybe change the rear extremity of the border surface. For special cases, the pathology joint X-rays perform to evaluate soft tissue MRI, hips, and lower leg. Patient Advisory neurologist. Surgery and over 5 years of treatment only.

17.08.2018